Hearing What We Expect to Hear

The helpful tidbit in this paper is that our brains are wired to hear what we expect to hear - in categories. When training the ear (for instance for phonological challenges in reading disabilities or learning a foreign language), it is more important to train "between-category differences than within-category differences"- or training particularly difficult or ambiguous sounds at the boundaries between different categories, will be most helpful for helping the ear to hear. Sound Categories Research Paper pdf

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