Here are good practical recommendations for helping to improve Science Reading Comprehension. In this NSTA article, the authors recommend Pre-Reading, Key Words, and Active Reading strategies like anticipatory questions and responding personally to the information. Students also often benefit from learning how to focus on important information - captions, figures, and summary questions. Paraphrasing the reading afterward also serves to consolidate the information so it can be stored in long term memory.
Improving Science Reading Comprehension