When children are failing in school, we often need to take more time to find out the patterns of errors and mistakes the kids are making. Many times students have gotten themselves into a vicious cycle of repetitive errors, but don't know how to stop it.
From research, we can know see that detection is not a simple function that one either has or doesn't have. Learning from mistakes requires smooth coordination of several different brain regions, probably accounting for why it helps to practice.
In the figure excerpted below, see the various regions activated when subjects learn from their mistakes. The paradigm involved subjects making a guess at which visual features of Mr. Potato head were associated with 'vanilla' or 'chocolate'.
As it turns out, learning about mistakes creates a bigger brain impression than learning about correct guesses.
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